Water baptism

Water baptism


Rev. Jay Werman, Director

Sturdy guide for Doctrinal Foundation

Topic: “Water baptism”; Symbolism of the inner change.

Text base: Acts 8:36-40

Definition: The word used in Greek language for “Baptism” is “baptidzo” and it comes from the root “”bapto” which basically means, “to dip into” Luke 16:24; Rev. 19:13; John. 13:26. “To overwhelm with suffering”, Mt. 20:22-23; Luke. 12:50. “To bury into (Rom. 6:3-7; Col. 2:12) regardless of the element used”.

In the scriptures we found 7 different types of baptism:

  1. John’s Baptism in water: Mt. 3; Mk. 1; Lk. 3; 7:29-30; Jn. 1:31-33; 3:23-26; 10:40; acts 1:5; 11:16; 19:3.
  2. Christ’s baptism in water: Jn. 3:22; 4:1-2.
  3. Baptism in suffering: Lk. 12:50.
  4. Baptism in the Cloud and in the Sea: 1 Cor. 10:2.
  5. Christian baptism in water: Mt. 28:19; Mk. 16:16; acts 2:38-41; 8:12-16, 36-38; 9:18; 10:47-48; 16:15, 33; 18:8; 19:5; 22:16; 1 Cor. 1:13-17; 1 pet. 3:21.
  6. Baptism into Christ and his body: Rom. 6:3-7; 1 Cor. 12:13; Gal. 3:27; Col. 2:12.
  7. Baptism in the Holy Spirit: Mt. 3:11, 14; 20:22-23; Mk. 1:8; 10:38-39; Lk. 3:16; Jn. 1:33; 7:37-39; acts 1:5; 11:16; 19:2-3.

3 Baptisms for believers:

  • Into Christ or His body at repentance and new birth: 1 Cor. 12:13. It’s also called “One baptism” in Eph. 4:5 because it is the only baptism that saves the soul and brings into the body of Christ. John. 3:1-13; 2 Cor. 5:17; Gal. 3:27.
  • Water Baptism: after one is saved. Acts 8:12-16, 36-38.
  • The Spirit Baptism: which it can be define as “The enduement (ability or quality) of power for service. It can take place before the water baptism (acts 10:44-48) or after it (acts 1:4-8; 2:1-11; 8:12-21; 19:1-7).

Agents used in each baptism:

  1. The Holy Spirit is the (Divine) agent to baptize “into Christ and into his body”. 1 Cor. 12:13.
  2. Christ is the (Divine) agent to baptize “In the Holy Spirit”. Mt. 3:11; Jn. 1:31-33.
  3. The Minister is the (Selected by God) agent to baptize “Into the Water”. Mt. 28:19.

Infant baptism is not taught in the scriptures and it was not supported by neither of the apostles nor the early Christians. It becomes a practice in the 5th century by the Catholic Church. Jews people never baptized infants, they “dedicated” to the lord.

Baptism in Scripture always has the prerequisite of repentance and faith, which are impossible for an infant, and obviously an Infant cannot outwardly express faith.

The Lord’s Supper and Baptism are both sacraments and ordinances and are the same sign and seal, since the Lord’s Supper may not be given to unbelievers, neither should baptism.

Baptism represents more than just physical washing, but being clean and good standing before God, and therefore regenerate (Romans 6).

Baptism represents the remission of sins, and infants are not capable of repenting. (Luke 3:3, Mark 1:4, Acts 13:24, Acts 19:4)

Baptism has been part of Christianity from the start, as shown by the many mentions in the Acts of the Apostles and the Pauline epistles.

Noted: BAPTISMAL REGENERATION is the unscriptural teaching, which says that a person must be baptized in water in order to be saved or to go to Heaven. This is a straight up fallacy.

1 Peter 3:21 say;

“And baptism, which is a figure [of their deliverance], does now also save you [from inward questionings and fears], not by the removing of outward body filth [bathing], but by [providing you with] the answer of a good and clear conscience (inward cleanness and peace) before God [because you are demonstrating what you believe to be yours] through the resurrection of Jesus Christ”.

Water Baptism is a “symbol” and does not put away the filth of the flesh. Gal. 5:19-21; 2 cor. 7:1; Col. 2:11. The like figure of the baptism in water also saved us. How does it save us? Is it the water that saves or the thing that it is a figure of? It was not the water that saved the 8 persons of verse 20. It was the ark that saved them from drowning in the flood. So baptism in water does not save the soul, but faith in the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, that which baptism is a figure of, does save the soul. Read Rom. 6:3-5; 1 cor. 15:1-4; Ephesian 1:14; col. 1:20-22. A mere figure can have no power to save, but the reality of the figure can. What Peter is saying is that “one thing we should have clear and that is that baptism in water does not save one from the filth or moral depravity of the flesh. He shows it to be only the answer of a good conscience toward God, one that has been made clean by faith in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Verse 21. It is clear here that at baptism the conscience is already supposed to be good and clean and baptism merely answer to it. As the waters of the flood could not have saved these 8 persons, had they not made use of the ark, so the water of the baptism does not save the soul of anyone, but testifies figuratively to the salvation that comes by faith. Rom. 1:16; 3:24-25; 10:9-10. Compare also Acts 22:16


Blessings upon you and yours in Jesus Holy Name!!




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